Treatment For Erectile Dysfunction
Male impotence, or erectile dysfunction, refers to the inability to attain or maintain an erection sufficient for successful sexual activity. Erection of the male organ occurs when the arteries carrying blood to the organ widen allowing more blood to flow in, while the veins carrying blood away from it become compressed restricting blood from flowing out. Certain male hormones and nerves also play a role in initiating and maintaining an erection. Medication or disease could cause abnormalities associated with the proper function of these nervous or hormonal systems, which affect a man’s ability to have and sustain an erection and/or experience an orgasm.
Erectile dysfunction may be the result of any number of physical and psychological factors. The malady generally can be classified as to whether it is caused by organic (i.e., due to a bodily organ or organ system malfunction) or psychogenic (mental) factors. Erectile dysfunction may be caused by diseases, nutritional imbalance, trauma, surgical procedures or medications that alter the nervous, vascular or hormonal systems responsible for the erectile function. Erectile dysfunction may be caused by a combination of these factors.
Medications can help improve or restore the erectile function; with some men requiring more than one prescription (depending on the response and tolerance of the patient to various medications). However, sufferers are encouraged by their doctors to make lifestyle adjustments to help arrest the underlying cause of the condition. Improving eating habits, quitting use of tobacco products, moderating alcohol intake and getting regular exercise contribute to the alleviation of the symptoms associated with the disorder.
Non-surgical treatments for male impotence aside from oral or topical medication include external vacuum devices, hormonal therapy, penile injection therapy, and intra-urethral pellet therapy. Many who struggle with male impotence are reluctant to discuss their sexual problems, but sex counseling helps in conjunction with these therapies. An experienced urologists in certain cases combines several of these methods. Surgical treatment like penile prosthesis is a possible option when none of these methods produce satisfactory results.
The first oral pill that has achieved such a wide recognition for effective treatment of male impotence is sildenafil citrate (Viagra). It has been proven to help sufferers of erectile dysfunction achieve erections for successful sexual intercourse. However, it does not improve erections in healthy men; neither is it an aphrodisiac to help increase libido.
Several other drugs are now available in addition to sildenafil citrate. Just like Viagra, tadanafil (Cialis), vardenafil (Levitra), and avanafil (Stendra) work by prolonging the action of a penile enzyme that stimulates arousal, which in turn causes the erection. Cialis is known to be capable of working up to 36 hours while Levitra can help sustain an erection from 4 to 16 hours. It has been found that Stendra takes effect within 15 – 30 minutes and could be taken with alcohol.
Intake of drugs for erectile dysfunction, just like any medication is not without possible complications. Consultation with a qualified and experienced urologist is still highly recommended for proper diagnosis and treatment and administration of the proper medication dosage.